Maenad Kylix ( wine cup ) - 440 BC
This kylix is a hand-drawn replica of a attic red figure cup, ca 480 bc, showing a Maenad carrying a hind. The original is on display at the Louvre museum.
In Greek mythology, maenads were the female followers of Dionysus, the most significant members of the Thiasus, the retinue of Dionysus. Their name literally translates as "raving ones". Often the maenads were portrayed as inspired by him into a state of ecstatic frenzy, through a combination of dancing and drunken intoxication. In this state, they would lose all self-control, begin shouting excitedly, engage in uncontrolled behavior, and ritualistically hunt down and tear animals (and sometimes men and children) to pieces, devouring the raw flesh. During these rites, the maenads would dress in fawn skins and carry a thyrsus, a long stick wrapped in ivy or vine leaves and tipped by a cluster of leaves; they would weave ivy-wreaths around their heads, and often handle or wear snakes.
A beautiful addition to your household, or a wonderful gift. Approx.12 cm (4.7") diameter and 6.5cm (2.6") height.
*This is a hand-painted reproduction, individually signed by the artist.
Due to special handling requirements, please allow 2-4 weeks for delivery. Express delivery available upon request.
THE KYLIX WINE CUP
A kylix ( or cylix ) is a type of wine-drinking cup with a broad, relatively shallow body raised on a stem from a foot and usually with two horizontal handles disposed symmetrically. The word comes from the Greek kulix, "cup," which is cognate with Latin calix, the source of the English word "chalice". The almost flat interior circle on the interior base of the cup - called the tondo - was the primary surface for painted decoration in the Black-figure or Red-figure styles of the 6th and 5th century BC. After the kylixes were formed, an artisan drew a depiction of an event from greek mythology or everyday life with a diluted glaze on the outer surface of the formation. Inside the drinking bowl was often a portrait of dancing and/or festive drinking. Unique compositional skills were necessary for the artisans to attain due to the lack of verticals and horizontals on the surface. Kylixes were most popular during the Mycenaean times of the classic Athenian period of Ancient Greece. Because the primary use for the kylix was at a symposium - a "drinking party", they are often decorated with scenes of a humorous, light-hearted, or sexual nature that would only become visible in stages as the cup was drained.